Lower left back pain is caused by a variety of injuries and conditions. It usually occurs in people between the ages of 30 to 50 years old. The centerpiece of the back is made up of the spinal column. The spinal column supports the weight of the upper body and protects the spinal cord from damage.
Lower back problems can occur on both sides of the lower back or just one side of the spine. The location of the pain depends on the tissues involved and the cause of the problem.
Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) can cause lower left back pain. This condition is a type of soreness that occurs after an intense physical activity session. Eccentric muscle contractions are contractions that happen when a muscle starts to lengthen. This condition is considered to be the main cause of DOMS.
Explosive activities like plyometrics are the leading reason why some people develop DOMS. DOMS is not subjected to occurring in a certain area. It can occur in the muscles of the lower left back or any muscle. Example symptoms consist of muscle aching, decreased range of motion in the affected area, or tightness 12 to 48 hours after exercising. Pain or discomfort related to DOMS should start to get better around three days after the physical activity and completely gone after one week. Rest, massages or hydrotherapy should help with reducing the pain.
An ectopic pregnancy is another condition that can cause pain in the lower back region. This type of pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg becomes embedded in any location besides the lining of the uterus. Fertilized eggs can land in the cervix, ovaries, abdomen, or fallopian tubes. When a fertilized egg cultivate in the fallopian tubes, this is considered a tubal pregnancy.
An ectopic pregnancy is known as a nonviable pregnancy because the fertilized egg cannot survive and can cause damage to the reproductive tract tissues. Common signs of an ectopic pregnancy are vaginal bleeding, cramping on the side of the pelvis, dizziness, and lower abdominal pain in the affected area. Certain risks increase a woman chance of having an ectopic pregnancy, such as a previous ectopic pregnancy, fertility medication, and inflammation of the reproductive tract structures.
Kidney cancer occurs in the kidney and the kidneys are located on each side of the spine. Two common types are the renal pelvis carcinoma and renal cell carcinoma. Renal cell carcinoma occurs in the kidney tubes. The kidney tubes work by removing waste from the bloodstream. Renal pelvis carcinoma is cancer that starts at the center of the pelvis, which is where urine collects.
Common symptoms of kidney cancer are persistent pain on the side of the body, blood in the urine, mass in the abdomen or on the side, fever, malaise, and unexplained weight loss. There are also certain risk factors that increase people chance for cancer, such as being male, high blood pressure, obesity, and smoking.
Muscle Strain Causes
Muscle strains consist of the incomplete ripping of the muscle fibers that is caused by lifting a heavy object or from sudden movement. This condition can occur in the left side of the lower body and in other areas.
The quadratus lumborum muscle is a commonly strained muscle in the lower back. It can take a while to feel pain that is caused by quadratus lumborum strains or low back strains because of an injury. The pain tends to happen over time as the muscles tightened up.
Common symptoms consist of limited range of motions in the back, intense pain, and swelling in the inflamed area.
Muscle strains in the lower back are also related to trigger points, such as knots located inside of a tense band of muscles.
Left-sided Colitis is a form of ulcerative colitis, which causes pain to the left side of the body. Ulcerative causes inflammation to the digestive system for an extended period of time and a form of bowel disease. Commons symptoms related to the disease are diarrhea and abdominal pain.
This disease can significantly prevent a person from having a normal life. Ulcerative colitis may also develop into severe complications that can end up in death. Other forms of ulcerative colitis are pancolitis, fulminant colitis, ulcerative proctitis, and proctosigmoiditis.
Left-sided colitis can be identified by the inflammation that extends through the sigmoid colon, descending colon, and the rectum. These organs are located to the left side and cause pain on that area. Common symptoms of the disease are abdominal cramping, pain to the left side of the back, sudden weight loss and bloody stools.
There are numerous cases of abdominal pain from the left side sending pain to your back. Common conditions that cause simultaneous lower left back pain and abdominal pain are pelvic inflammatory disease, Crohn’s disease, pelvic abscesses, ulcerative colitis, menstrual cramps, ovarian cancer, and kidney stones. Abdominal aortic aneurysm is located near the midsection of the stomach and can cause pain in the lower back area. This condition also causes the abdominal aorta to dilate.
The symptoms associated with pain to the left side in the back depend on the type of tissue affected and the cause of the pain. Possible symptoms that distinguish left quadrant lower back pain are dull and aching pain on the lower back, nausea, abdominal tenderness, pain when urinating, vomiting, blisters on the side of the body, constipation, or unexplained weight loss.
There are different ways to treat this condition, but depends on the cause of the condition. This type of condition can go away on its own after a few hours or a couple of days in some cases. In some cases, there could be a possibility that more than one condition is causing the pain. It can come on without warning and sudden. This could mean a severe intra-abdominal disease, which could result in surgery.
If the pain continues to persist and causes severe pain, then you need to seek medical attention. A doctor can run tests to determine what treatment is appropriate for your condition. Lower left back pain can be cause by an injury and an undiagnosed condition.